Eu Japan Trade Agreement Eur Lex

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The EU-Japan Trade Agreement and its Impact on Global Trade

The European Union and Japan have recently signed a comprehensive trade agreement that aims to reduce tariffs and boost economic growth. The EU-Japan Trade Agreement, also known as JEFTA, is the largest bilateral trade deal ever negotiated by the EU, and it is expected to have a significant impact on global trade.

As a professional, I have researched and analyzed the importance of this agreement and its potential impact on the international market. In this article, I will discuss the key features of the EU-Japan Trade Agreement, its benefits to both parties, and its potential challenges.

Key Features of the EU-Japan Trade Agreement

JEFTA was signed on July 17, 2018, after four years of intense negotiations. The agreement covers several key areas, including trade in goods, services, and investment, as well as intellectual property rights, government procurement, and sustainable development.

One of the main features of the agreement is the elimination of tariffs on almost all goods traded between the EU and Japan. This will make European products more competitive in the Japanese market and vice versa, creating new opportunities for businesses and consumers.

The agreement also includes provisions to protect intellectual property rights, such as trademarks, patents, and copyrights, which are essential for innovation and investment. Additionally, JEFTA contains measures to promote sustainable development, such as cooperation on environmental protection and labor standards.

Benefits of the EU-Japan Trade Agreement

The EU-Japan Trade Agreement is expected to have significant benefits for both parties. For the EU, the deal will provide new opportunities for European businesses to access the Japanese market, which is the world`s third-largest economy. This will increase trade and investment, creating jobs and boosting economic growth.

Japan, on the other hand, will benefit from increased access to European goods and services, which will drive competition and improve the quality and diversity of products available to consumers. The agreement will also enhance cooperation between the EU and Japan on issues such as security, climate change, and sustainable development.

Challenges of the EU-Japan Trade Agreement

Despite the potential benefits of the EU-Japan Trade Agreement, there are also several challenges that need to be addressed. One of the main concerns is the potential impact on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in both regions. Some smaller businesses may struggle to compete with larger corporations that have greater resources and access to capital.

Another challenge is the potential impact on the environment and labor standards. While JEFTA contains provisions to promote sustainable development, there are concerns that increased trade and investment could lead to greater environmental degradation and lower labor standards. It will be essential for both parties to monitor and address these issues carefully.


The EU-Japan Trade Agreement is a significant milestone in global trade, providing new opportunities for businesses and consumers in both regions. The agreement`s key features, such as the elimination of tariffs and protection of intellectual property rights, provide a solid foundation for increased trade and investment.

However, there are also challenges that need to be addressed, such as the potential impact on SMEs and environmental and labor standards. It will be essential for both parties to address these concerns carefully and ensure that the benefits of the agreement are shared widely and sustainably.