Gender Number Agreement Spanish

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When it comes to the Spanish language, gender and number agreement is an essential aspect of proper grammar. The rules for gender and number agreement may seem daunting at first, but once you understand the basics, it becomes much easier to apply them correctly.

In Spanish, nouns and adjectives are either masculine or feminine and singular or plural. The gender of a noun determines the gender of the articles, adjectives, and pronouns used to describe or replace it. Here are some key rules to keep in mind when dealing with gender and number agreement in Spanish:

1. Masculine vs. Feminine gender

In Spanish, masculine and feminine gender are determined by the ending of the noun. For example, words that end in “o” are usually masculine, while words that end in “a” are usually feminine. However, there are some exceptions to this rule.


– El perro (masculine) = The dog

– La casa (feminine) = The house

2. Singular vs. Plural

In Spanish, the plural form of a noun is determined by adding “s” or “es” to the end of the word, depending on its original ending. Adjectives also change to reflect the gender and number of the noun they describe.


– Los perros (masculine plural) = The dogs

– Las casas (feminine plural) = The houses

3. Gender-Neutral Language

In today`s society, gender neutrality has become an important aspect of language and communication. Spanish, like many other languages, is gradually adapting to this change. There are different ways to express this, from using the masculine plural form as a default to using gender-inclusive terms.


– Los estudiantes (default masculine plural) = The students

– Les estudiantes (gender-inclusive term) = The students (neutral)

In conclusion, gender and number agreement is a crucial aspect of Spanish grammar that cannot be taken lightly. As a copy editor, it’s important to be knowledgeable about these language rules to ensure that the content you edit is accurate and culturally sensitive. By keeping these basic rules in mind, you’ll be able to improve your writing and communicate more effectively in Spanish.